How Many IGCSE Subjects are Required in Turkey

How Many IGCSE Subjects are Required in Turkey: A Clear Guide

IGCSE is a globally recognized qualification for 14 to 16-year-olds. The IGCSE courses are developed by the University of Cambridge (Cambridge Assessment International Education) and are recognized by leading universities and employers worldwide.

In Turkey, students must study at least five subjects at most Turkish universities and seven at UK universities. Typically, students take eight or more subjects, including Mathematics, English, and a Modern Foreign Language (or English as a Second Language if more support is needed).

The Turkish Diploma is only accepted for some courses such as Medicine, Dentistry, BSc Economics, and Mathematics. Therefore, students pursuing these courses must take the relevant IGCSE subjects.

The assessment for IGCSE takes place at the end of the two-year course. Students can take the exams in May/June or October/November. The grading system for IGCSE is from A* to G, with A* being the highest grade.

Students can take IGCSE courses in international schools in Turkey, which follow the Cambridge curriculum. The British International School and MEF International Schools are some of the schools that offer IGCSE courses in Turkey.

To apply to universities in Turkey, students must meet the minimum requirements set by the university they wish to attend. For example, Koç University requires a minimum of 4 AP subjects, with a minimum score of 4 for relevant subjects in Arts, History, and Social Sciences tracks.

Required Subjects

In Turkey, students must study at least five subjects, with core English, Mathematics, and Science subjects. These three subjects are mandatory and must be taken by all students.

Besides the core subjects, students can opt for various courses, including Physics, Chemistry, Biology, First Language, and Second Language (including Turkish, Spanish, French, German, Italian, Chinese, and Malay). The availability of these subjects depends on the specific curriculum offered by the school.

It is important to note that the number of subjects a student chooses to take can impact their future academic and career opportunities. For example, students who wish to pursue engineering or science-related degrees at universities abroad may need to take additional subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.

Optional Subjects

In the British International School System, students must study at least five subjects at most Turkish universities or seven at UK universities. However, students can choose their subjects based on their interests and career goals.

The Cambridge IGCSE program offers a flexible curriculum with over 70 subjects in any combination. There are no compulsory subjects, and students can study various subjects. This approach helps to motivate students throughout their studies by giving them the power to choose.

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Some optional subjects in the IGCSE program include Geography, History, Economics, Business Studies, Computer Science, Drama, Music, Physical Education, Sociology, and Global Perspectives.

Geography is a popular subject that covers topics such as natural resources, population, and climate change. History covers events and developments from different periods and regions of the world. 

Economics covers supply and demand, market structures, and international trade. Business Studies covers topics such as marketing, finance, and operations management.

Computer Science provides an understanding of computer systems and programming languages. 

Drama and Music help students develop their creative skills and express themselves through different art forms. Physical education elucidates the significance of physical activity and well-being awareness.

Sociology provides an understanding of social behavior and relationships. Global Perspectives provides a broad understanding of global issues and challenges.

Understanding Grades and Achievement

Cambridge IGCSE subjects receive grades from A* (highest) to G (lowest), with internationally accepted standards outlined for each grade’s level of accomplishment.

The number of IGCSE subjects required in Turkey may vary depending on the school and the student’s academic goals. However, most schools need students to take a minimum of five IGCSE subjects, including English as a first or second language.

To pass an IGCSE subject, students must achieve a grade of C or above. Students who achieve an A* or A grade receive a distinction.

It is important to note that IGCSE grades do not directly correspond to Turkish high school grades. Therefore, students and universities should consult the Cambridge IGCSE guide for universities to understand the grading system and how it relates to Turkish high school grades.

Exam Sessions and Results

Turkish students must study at least five subjects in Turkey to earn the International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE). These exams take place twice annually, in June and November. Students can opt for one or both sessions based on their preference.

Results for the June session are typically unveiled in August, while results for the November session are released in January. Students can conveniently access their results through the official Cambridge Assessment International Education website.

Students must attain a C in their chosen subjects for IGCSE success. The certificate is granted to candidates who pass seven IGCSE subjects, comprising two Group 1 subjects, one subject from Groups 2-5, and a seventh subject from any Group.

The International Certificate of Education (ICE) is granted across three tiers: Distinction, achieved with Grade A or higher in five subjects and Grade C or higher in two subjects; Merit, requiring Grade C or higher in five subjects and Grade F or higher in two subjects; and Pass, obtained with Grade G or higher in seven subjects.

Further Studies and Career Opportunities

After completing their IGCSEs, students in Turkey have several options for further studies and career opportunities. The IGCSE is widely recognized as a rigorous and challenging program that prepares students for further academic study and career paths.

One option for further studies is to pursue an A-level program. Many universities in Turkey and worldwide recognize A-levels as valid qualifications for admission to undergraduate courses. Students who have completed their IGCSEs may enroll in an A-level program to further their studies in a particular subject area.

Another option is to pursue an International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma Programme. The IB Diploma Programme is a two-year program that provides students with a broad and balanced education. It is recognized by universities around the world and is designed to prepare students for success in higher education education and beyond.

Students who have completed their IGCSEs may also choose to enroll in undergraduate courses at universities in Turkey or abroad. Many universities recognize the IGCSE as a valid qualification for admission to undergraduate courses. Students who have completed their IGCSEs may choose to enroll in undergraduate courses in various subject areas, such as engineering, business, or the sciences.

Regarding career opportunities, students who have completed their IGCSEs have many options. The IGCSE program provides students with a strong foundation in various subject areas, which can be helpful in multiple career paths. 

Some students may pursue careers in medicine, engineering, or business, while others may pursue careers in the arts or humanities.

Assessment Methods

Assessment methods for IGCSE subjects in Turkey may vary depending on the subject and the school. However, in general, the assessment methods for IGCSE subjects include a combination of written exams and coursework.

Written exams usually take place at the end of the course and test the student’s knowledge and understanding of the subject. Exams may include multiple-choice questions, short-answer questions, and essay questions. The exams assess students’ problem-solving, critical thinking, and cultural awareness skills.

Coursework is another assessment method used in IGCSE subjects. Coursework is usually completed during the course and may include essays, projects, and practical work. Coursework tests the student’s research, analysis, and communication abilities.

In addition to written exams and coursework, some IGCSE subjects may include other forms, such as oral or practical assessments. These assessments test the student’s communication and practical skills and abilities.

Resources for Preparation

Preparing for the IGCSE exams requires a lot of hard work and dedication. Students in Turkey planning to take the IGCSE exams can find many resources to help them prepare for the exams. These resources include syllabi, past papers, training, IGCSE courses, Edexcel, and Pearson Edexcel.


The syllabus is an essential resource for students preparing for the IGCSE exams. The syllabus provides a detailed outline of the topics covered in the exams. The syllabus outlines exam formats and question types, aiding students in devising study plans to cover all topics ahead of exams.

Past Papers

Past papers serve as a valuable tool for IGCSE exam preparation among students. Past papers give students an idea of the questions that will be asked in the exams. Students can use past papers to practice answering questions and improve their exam technique. Past papers are available on the Edexcel and Pearson Edexcel websites.


Training is vital for students gearing up for IGCSE exams, enabling them to glean insights from seasoned educators and enhance comprehension of exam subjects. This valuable resource is widely accessible across schools and educational establishments in Turkey.

IGCSE Courses

IGCSE courses are an excellent resource for students preparing for the IGCSE exams. IGCSE courses provide students with a structured learning environment and access to experienced teachers. IGCSE courses are available at many schools and educational institutions in Turkey.


Edexcel is a leading provider of IGCSE exams. Edexcel provides students with high-quality exams recognized by universities and employers worldwide. Edexcel offers a wide range of IGCSE subjects; students can find information on the Edexcel website.

Pearson Edexcel

Pearson Edexcel is another leading provider of IGCSE exams. Pearson Edexcel provides students with high-quality exams recognized by universities and employers worldwide. Pearson Edexcel offers a wide range of IGCSE subjects, and students can find information on the Pearson Edexcel website.

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